Nothing moves the growing mother during the last pregnancy weeks so much like this event. Since thus schön the pregnancy and the joy on the baby may also be, the pregnancy has an end and mostly an end with pains. And this becomes conscious by every woman more and more. There is probably no woman who is not rotten a little bit if she thinks of the birth. How will the labour pains be? Hopefully I get on time that it goes off! What if the fruit bubble bursts to me in the queue in the supermarket cash? There help Sprüche, so many women have gone through already such as This, you will also create this! not a lot. There already rather ausführliche information. We give möchten you here some information which they maybe interest: Birthplace, course, methods, medical interventions, Caesarean section, Frühgeburt, growing Väter and clinic suitcase.
Where you give birth to your child, hängt from theirs persönlichen Wünschen and the medical needs from. Discuss your exemption wish with theirs Gynäkologen. Then he can confide in you also, whether the natal wish with you erfüllen lässt, or whether complications an exemption method ausschließen.
Today most children are born with us in a clinic. The birth takes place in Kreißsaal or in the exemption room. Medically seen, the clinic is the surest place für the birth, because here stand in Notfällen Geräte and enough staff as well as Fachärzte (e.g., paediatrician) to Verfügung. Beside a medically controlled birth (among other things with CTG) many medical centres also offer "natürliche" and/or "gentle" exemption methods. With natürlichen birth the woman the natal position even can occur wählen and it no medical interventions – provided that no complications appear. A gentle exemption can be, for example, a water birth. Find out, therefore, before at the medical centres which methods and aid stand to Verfügung. The birth in a clinic can still bring disadvantages with itself: häufig it is hectically and the care staff can change öfter. Use those of many medical centres evenings of information organise!
Beside stationären stay many medical centres also offer ambulant births. After a normally run birth without complications können you leave the clinic still on the day of the birth if it goes well to you and the child. Indeed, the woman should have home really rest with the lying-in and be supplied completely. Besides, the care should be protected by the midwife für ten days.
The house birth
A house birth in own four Wänden is a very private event. Condition für a house birth are the conscientious perception of all precaution investigations, a normal pregnancy course and mother and child müssen be completely healthy. The growing parents carry the full responsibility on a house birth. They should search for themselves an experienced midwife who accompanies the natal expiry and überwacht, because if complications appear, an installation can become necessary in a hospital.
Since beginning of the 1990s there is in many größeren Städten of Germany Geburtshäuser which become from freelance midwives geführt. The (mostly) comprehensive draught Geburtshäuser encloses the continuous care of the pregnant by a midwife während pregnancy, birth and lying-in. Ordinarily offer Geburtshäuser an ambulant birth in – nevertheless, stay is also sometimes offered längerer stationärer. In a birthplace there are mostly many alternative Geburtsmöglichkeiten. Überwiegend manner is released on natürliche without medical interventions. In some Geburtshäusern complications are also ready Ärzte für.
The birth can be divided into three phases:
1. Phase – Erö ffnungsperiode: It lasts with the first child between from 6 to 12 hours. Besides, ö ffnet to itself the uterine orifice in possibly on 10 cm.
2. Phase – expulsion period: It lasts 1 - 1.5 hours, in which to itself the baby with Unterstü tzung of strong labour pains in the pelvic exit (natal canal) drü ckt.
3. Phase – afterbirth period: After the birth of the baby becomes the placenta “ nachgeboren” – this can last up to half an hour.
Während of the single phases können different positions and positions are taken, they labour pains pain relieve können. The midwife will certainly discuss you, what in the respective situation and phase helpfully his könnte.
On Kreiß - or exemption bed können you lie or sit. Kreißbett is electrically adjustable in modern medical centres and can be put according to demand: They determine which position accepts to you. The doctor or the midwife have always the direct look at the natal canal and können supporting intervene. The exemption bed offers the advantage to have on the one hand the classical bed form and on the other hand one can convert the bed to Gebärstuhl or stool. Should complications appear with which an anaesthesia becomes necessary, this can also become in Kreißbett durchgeführt.
More and more medical centres offer a water birth.
In the water birth you sit or do in a special bath. The advantages of this method are that the consumption of painkillers während of the birth sinks by the relaxation (respiration) in the warm water and it should come less häufig to a perineal tear. Besides, äußern to itself the released very positively über the "experience of the birth" in the water. Because the baby has a "diving reflex", it does not try to take a breath under water – here no danger für passes the child. With a preceding Caesarean section this method is also recommended because thus the scars are strained less. Disadvantageously in the water birth it is that the infection rate für Mütter, children and staff erhöht is. Außerdem lässt to itself the loss of blood während of the birth not abschätzen. In some medical centres the child becomes by the long-term derivation of the CTG überwacht. The birth verläuft just as in country and also the Abnabelung occurs like in the CLINIC üblich. The care of the newborn child läuft in the water birth also from, how with the other exemption forms.
The women with whom a risk is known in the pregnancy or with which must be calculated on a complicated exemption, should see by a water birth, e.g., with Mehrlingen, with infections of the mother (e.g., HIV, topical herpes), very much großes child with suspicion on Missverhältnis between the width of the natal way and Größe of the child.
The gebärhocker is a small chair without backrest with a recess for the child to be born. The woman sits in an upright position and the partner can hold the woman from behind and support her. This is perceived by some women as very pleasant – however, other women do not cope with "too much" Nähe in the stressful situation "birth". Außeralso the immediate Nähe to the ground wäduring the birth as well as the Härte and inconvenience of the stool are disadvantageous.
In the case of the birth chair, the almost upright posture of the mother also supports the birth process, since the muscular strength directed downwards during the press woes and the gravity of the unborn child work in the same direction. The woman no longer releases as deep a plane as the stool, but this position restricts the doctor and midwife's view of the birth canal & ndash; although it makes expulsion much easier.
The Romarad is a birthing frame in which the pregnant woman can be stored in an almost lying or sitting position. It's a bit reminiscent of a "monkey swing" or a "hanging chair." The great advantage is not only the Möglichkeit of the upright position and thus the support-increasing gravity to the cermismöopening (as in the case of the birth chair), but also a hollow cross wäduring the birth; it offers numerous different Körp maintenances that relieve the pain of contract.
The Pezzi or gymnastics ball is a bigßer ball on which the reliever can sit, while she can support her partner from behind. The advantage is that the sitting position "opens"öopens the birth pathways and here too gravity can work. The ball is a means of support ingestion of the certifier during the opening phase.
The wall of bars is the same one you know from the sports hall in the school. The woman can hold herself on the floor kneeling or squatting. The four-year-old is supported.
The position of the four-wheeled stand is still known today by the natural völkern: it is supposed to let gravity work and to avoid the hollow cross according to Möglichkeit. This maternity position can also be taken in the creißbed (advantage: Höhe ermöglicht midwife and doctor good view of the birth canal).
It is best to try several positions to find out which one makes the birth easiest – many women also find the change of position during the birth pleasant and relieving.
Medical interventions and birth facilitation
With danger situations für the child must be accelerated a birth often quickly with tongs or suction bell to prevent an oxygen starvation. intrumentenunterstützte birth can be also necessary if the pregnant may not copress, e.g., with existing cardiac defects. Nevertheless, the head Säuglings must be with both methods already in the natal canal. In the tongs birth the head Säuglings with special tongs is enclosed and the obstetrician unterstützt by drawing the expulsion. The tongs birth has the advantage that it is quickly applicable, because it requires no apparativen expenditure. Indeed, number of the injuries and complications is a little bit größere with the child, e.g., Gesichtsnervenausfälle (führen ordinarily not to Spätfolgen), from disadvantage. After ähnlichen principle functions the suction bell birth: here a sucker is appropriated with the help of the production by subpressure on the head Säuglings. In the labour pains rhythm the midwife Säugling pulls out by means of the sucker. The advantage of the vacuum exemption is that beside the childish head no other place is used. Indeed, the need of an apparativen expenditure and electricity supply is disadvantageous.
If it is recognizable that the dam (fabric between scabbard and Schließmuskel) does not threaten the natal charges standhält and to reißen, a medical intervention can be carried out with the episiotomy: besides, is extended with scissors Geburtsöffnung künstlich and the cut is supplied anschließend with a seam. The cut becomes often hardly gespürt because mostly während of a drift is cut. With an episiotomy it is avoided that the deep pelvic ground musculature überdehnt becomes or zerreißt.
If a woman decides against an episiotomy, it can come to a perineal tear. Small perineal tears können with every exemption appear; größere tears are often the result of tongs - or Saugglockenentbindungen. Also with very much großen, to heavy children it can come faster for injuries of the dam.
Beside natürlichen to analgesic methods and means medical painkillers stand gebärenden woman also to Verfügung. Thus it is applied in very painful or protracted births often Periduralanästhesie (PDA). Besides, a syringe is put in the area Lendenwirbelsäule which makes the abdomen by Lähmung pain-insensible. The labour pains thereby easily remain spürbar and Möglichkeit to the pressing continues.
The Caesarean section / Sectio
Because the birth takes place by Caesarean section always häufiger, this medical intervention should be looked under a separate point. In some Fällen lässt to itself a Caesarean section do not handle – if Störung or danger für the mother or the child are given. Besides, one distinguishes planned and emergency Caesarean sections, for example, with a roll attitude of the baby, a very narrow washbasin of the mother, an umbilical cord incident or other complications. Though a Caesarean section is meanwhile a routine intervention, a surgical intervention is always still connected with größeren risks as a vaginal birth.
A Caesarean section can occur with general anaesthetic as well as with örtlicher Betäubung (PDA). To remain latter ermöglicht of the mothers with consciousness and to follow the birth of the child. Because this more time benötigt, comes they, primarily, für a planned Sectio to question – with a Notfallsectio mostly becomes a general anaesthetic durchgeführt. With the Caesarean section becomes with a cut the abdominal wall geöffnet (Schnittführung is between navel and pubic bone or in parallel with the pubic bone – the bikini cut). From the anaesthesia up to the birth of the baby there pass only few minutes. A Caesarean section is für the mothers with 4-12-fold erhöhtem mortality risk form an alliance.
When is a Caesarean section necessary? We beschränken we here on indications, während of the birth appear können, because your doctor Ihnen „planbare“ Caesarean sections becomes surely well erläutern and the shock während of the birth, the child not normally are confined to können maybe a little bit can be decreased. Absolutely inevitably becomes a Caesarean section if a relative Schädel-Becken-Missverhältnis passes, (i.e. the head the child to groß für mütterliche washbasin is), an umbilical cord incident, setting and position anomalies, a menacing or occurred uterine rupture or Intrauterine asphyxia (suffocation) with not vollständig eröffnetem uterine orifice u./o. not genügend to deeply kicked childish head.
Many young Mütter fühlen itself after an emergency Caesarean section as failures and have Gefühl to have missed something important – in particular as the often so importantly described first minutes / seconds with the baby. Indeed, these are not so important at all (if they also absolutely after this strain very much schön sind/wären) – the baby will not love them less and build up a respect with them no less fast if they it in the first hours in our world in the arms do not hold können!
If a pregnancy lasts less than 37 concluded weeks, one speaks from Frühgeburt. Today even the children Überlebenschance who are already released in the 24th pregnancy week have. There are different causes für Frühgeburt. In addition zählen, e.g., low Körpergewicht of the mother, Gebärmutteranomalien or a Mehrlingsschwangerschaft.
With the newest technology one succeeds better and better in helping small Frühchen. And the trend still passes to manipulate so little like möglich in the small being, because Körperkontakt as for example with Känguru-Verfahren with which the little ones are laid on the breast of the mother around the heartbeat and Wärme mütterlichen Körpers to spüren, helps the small being sometimes more than the newest technology!
For some decades find more and more Väter the way in Kreißsaal. However, is able (no matter whether professionally or healthwise) or every man does not want to be present in the birth of his child / of his children. This should also accept the growing mother and take a good friend or the mother in Kreißsaal to themselves maybe. On the other hand, the trend is not recently to be observed also, that the growing mother the growing father in the birth dabeihaben möchte – and now this should accept again Männer. Maybe können they wait before Kreißsaal or the hospital, because quite a lot of one pregnant ändert at short notice her opinion …
If the growing father sees, nevertheless, the birth of his child / of his children, he should be darüber in the clear that it becomes strenuous him also für. And, therefore, he should also follow something: in Kreißsaal it is warm, therefore, not too warm and rather comfortable clothes are announced. Maybe he can take Getränke or money to shop Getränke. A birth costs energy: to eat something, therefore, not forgotten! If they it möchten, think of camera and films. And to good one last: Leave your mobile phone at home! Since on the one hand mobile phones are forbidden in Kreißsälen and, on the other hand, your partner certainly is not glad über a phone call of the boss if she lies just in the Presswehen!
The clinic suitcase
You should pack up their clinic suitcase relatively früh because it can become hectic shortly before the appointment or, nevertheless, your small darling announces himself already früher than expected. Therefore, we have put together für you a small check list to the expression which contains everything what you für the day or the days in the CLINIC benötigen:
You need the following papers:
Card with electronic chip of the health insurance scheme; mother's passport; installation light; identity card; marital status if you are married) / birth certificate (if you are single); allergy ID (if available)
to the most important toilet things (shower gel, shampoo, …); quiet inserts; bandages (für the weekly river); ever mind. 2 washcloths and Handtücher (1 especially für Oberkörper and 1 für the genital region to avoid contact between weekly river and breast); Still-BHs; briefs; Nachthemden/Schlafanzüge (in front to Aufknöpfen); warm socks; comfortable clothes; slippers; dressing-gown; the clothes which one wants to carry for the dismissal – not the jeans from before the pregnancy (maybe trousers which fitted approx. in the 5th pregnancy month); persönliche playlists; Bücher and magazines; the list of presents on which you hold on theirs Wünsche für the natal course can be very helpful. So, e.g., Möchten you with pleasure gedämpftes light? Möchten you get your child immediately to yourselves on your belly laid? Möchten you get analgesic means given? How many people should be present in the birth?
Unterwäsche; baby clothes (e.g., Strampler and sweater); Mütze and jacket / overall as well as socks / sock trousers - according to weather and season; baby bowl or baby carriage with cover; perhaps nappies
Full pride and astonishment see them the first blinking of her newborn child. Prickling Gefühl spreads in Magenwänden. Can one be für this small worm also the right mothers or the right father? Will one position himself to this responsibility any time können? Can one offer to his child really the perfect education which one has to itself always gewünscht?
Many open questions control in the time before and shortly after the birth Gemüt of the young parents.
Comes into the world Säugling, worry of the parents is größte the health of the child. In the natal hospital become immediately after the birth and in the first life days of the clinic staff investigations and tests durchgeführt, around them in this regard calm to können. However, also in spite of großen Bemühungen Ärzte and sisters many questions stay open which we by this article want to try to answer:
Attachment figure - stress - Körperlicher contact - perception – communication
Reflexes - yelling - being able to do one babies verwöhnen?
Different sleeping patterns - alert babies - individual Schlafbedürfnis
Geräusche of your baby - snoring of your baby - Sniff / sniff - sneeze – hiccups
Käseschmiere - blotchy skin - Schädelschwellungen after the birth - fontanels - hair
Parental child's respect
The meaning of the parental child's respect was recognised only last 20th century. The research proved that with a growing up without love and affection of firm attachment figures at the adolescent age to mental Störungen and difficulties in the behaviour appear. This is also known to each of us. However, to what extent one can create a perfect environment with a lot of love and emotional affection für the little one, a lot of one open question remains für.
You are sure entzückt from the small being which has tripped just in your life. However, do you love it? This question beschäftigt many newly-wed parents. Certainly one will not talk in the first days yet of it können that you love your child. Maybe this is Gefühl better with „verliebt sein“ to describe: Their child is complete süß. With the time this emotion matures to right love. With some parents this process proceeds faster, with others, e.g., after a not planned Caesarean section, it lasts, perhaps, a little bit länger. But this deals nothing with the depth of your love and already not at all with theirs Qualität as parents.
Importantly just für the completely little ones a quiet affectionate care with sufficient time involved by ständig is a remaining attachment figure. Since like running and speech, your child also must learn to love. Only, if it to itself belovedly fühlt, it also learns to answer this love.
Just in stress situations one easily forgets how much affection needs a baby für his emotional development. Für Lächeln, a kiss or für stroking über the small cheeks time must be für the mothers or the father always. If they pay attention to the fact that the mite registers no stressful parental home just during the first four months.
Many parents who get her first child mean, her newborn child würde the surroundings at all do not perceive können. This wrong view führt in addition do not keep properly with the child to beschäftigen, but it only in the arm. körperliche contact plays für the newborn child though the most important factor of influence für his well-being. Just während to the awake phases it is important to be there für your child, to give him over and over again Nähe and Zärtlichkeit, to carry it and to mother.
However, babies develop from birth very fast a spectrum of sensual experiences. In the awake state they are high-spirited and hörbereit. They react if they are appealed and the parents recognise by the smell. With her attentive look they turn where they Geräusche hören. Babies are born with the wish for communication. In the distance of 20-25 cm before her face können they the parents see clearly and experience theirs „erste Unterhaltung“ if one talks in this distance with them lively. Babies führen this entertainment while they move lächeln, to her mouth, there nod or also the tongue Rau's distances. Gefühl of the attention and affection affects from the outset an intensive connection to the parents and fördert at the same time Spaß in the communication.
Behaviour of the newborn children
After the birth it will last some time, until you have yourselves to the behaviour of your baby gewöhnt. It is worthwhile to observe his reaction to different charms and to make itself close with some signs of his Persönlichkeit. Small babies own even more Individualität than one thinks generally. One should keep the fact in the head if one his child learn wants to know.
One should know, that all healthy babies über a number of reflexes verfügen which become from birth ausgelöst. These reflexes are unaware movements which become allmählich, ungefähr from the fourth month, from deliberate movements abgelöst.
They maybe find out that your newborn child reacts in positive manner to your presence, while it moves jerkily face and Körper. In Maße like it learns to control his movements, his reactions become purposeful and less zufällig. Thus it gives you with about six weeks instead of a grimace already unmistakeable Lächeln.
Babies shout – weiß everybody. Most likely Gründe für yelling are Müdigkeit, hunger, loneliness and unwell-being – it is to him to heiß or too coldly, it lies uncomfortably or needs a fresh nappy. The baby sometimes also shouts without recognizable reason.
In addition IMPORTANT INFORMATION: It is no good idea to let the baby simply only to wide yelling – even if one gets this advice often. Not enough attention and allowance in the first weeks and months is able to do to an introverted, schüchternen and zurückgezogenen development of the child führen. Often place people „lieben“ with „verwöhnen“ immediately. According to our opinion a baby is able in the first time not enough „verwöhnt“ become. People think over and over again that caresses children, picked up, are satisfied and around are mothered, experience how one demands attention. This is not right thus! It learns rather how one loves and builds up human relations. And this is one of the most important lessons which a child für his zukünftige emotional and psychic development can learn. What we „verwöhnen“ call, a normal reaction of the mothers on unglückliche is in reality a child; she thereby gives satisfaction natürliches Bedürfnis of the baby.
Bab sleeping pattern – Phänomen which tugs in Nervenkostüm. If you do not have a lot Glück, you will experience after the homecoming of the hospital some sleepless Nächte. The most different sleeping patterns appear with newborn children. Some are only awake if they are hungry, other are also active before or after food.
It can never be, that your newborn child up to the age of four months länger as one or two hours in Stück döst. If they let themselves, besides, by the fact trösten that it at every alert minute of something new learns – provided that it must not be bored. On long view you are recompensed with a child eager to learn.
Think auß erdem at the fact, that to fix a strict sleeping pattern an attempt, „ Durchschnittsbaby“ corresponds, no sense makes. There is nobody „ Durchschnittsbaby“. The Schlafbedü rfnis is based on the individual physiology. Most newborn children fall asleep shortly after a meal. In the beginning hä ngen the awake phases still of it from how many meals it needs and this again is abhä ngig from his weight:
- 2-kg-baby: wakes from 7 to 8--times, around gefü to become ttert
- 3-kg-baby: wakes from 5 to 6--times, around gefü to become ttert
- 4.5-kg-baby: wakes from 4 to 5--times, around gefü to become ttert
If your baby strange Geräusche from itself gives, give yourselves no troubles. Most Geräusche are caused by the unripeness of the respiratory tract and lie down with the time.
If you Gefühl have your baby it snores in his little bed, müssen we, unfortunately, enttäuschen. This certain sound which your baby of itself gives is caused by a vibration of the soft palate with the breathing.
Often there think parents her baby is erkältet, because it „schnieft“. Nevertheless, this sniffing shows no congested nose, but is caused by level Nasenrücken of the babies. With the breathing the air has to go very much shortens, confines Nasenkanäle happen what puts out this Geräusch. With increasing age becomes Nasenrücken höher and snorting lässt after.
They cannot be also confused dürfen if your baby must often sneeze. This is none beginning Erkältung, but nützlicher reflex. He appears if the little one the eyes öffnet and bright light is put out. It unterstützt the cleaning of the nasal ways.
Newborn children often have hiccups, above all after a meal. In spite of Befürchtung many Mütter this is only seldom a symptom of digestive problems. Cause is rather the insufficient control über the diaphragm – flächiger the muscle which separates the chest from the belly. The hiccups become rarer, as soon as the nerves which control the diaphragm are developed.
Appearance of your baby
Even if your baby is certainly a bundle of joy, they maybe frighten with the first sight of the little one. If it is weiße the fatty substance which covers the skin of your mite a blotchy skin colour or unförmiger head. Everything completely natürlich!
Käseschmieren with which the skin can be covered protective coating forms natürliche, so that the skin does not become soft in the amniotic fluid. Do not leave them also from the hospital staff to road washing, because she prevents against skin irritations.
The blotchy skin colour results from burst Blutgefäßen. As soon as Melanin, natürliches pigment, is produced, the baby his endgültige attains skin colour. This is as a rule after approx. six months.
Schädel of the baby passes of four großen records which have not grown together and itself mutually move können. This mobility matters above all in the birth if the head from Scheidenwänden is pressed together. Moving Schädelknochen ermöglichen unbeschadeten Stepping by the natal canal. The distortion arising thereby of the head is quite normal and has no effect on the brain. It originate können also some Blutergüsse or swells, however, heal them in the first days or weeks.
These soft places on top in Schädel where the bones do not form an alliance are, one calls „Fontanellen“. Schädelknochen will have firmly grown together only at the age of approx. two years. Pay attention in particular with a young baby to it, the fontanels not einzudrücken!
Some babies are born with full hair, während changes völlig are bald. The colour of hair is able to do itself after the birth still ändern. The fine hair down which some babies in Körper have becomes „Lanugo“ called. He fällt soon after the birth from.
Every day a miracle - babies development
Nothing is more exciting than the development of a baby in the first life months: From a small helpless living being an agile toddler, his parents completely develops schön on trot hält - in the most true sense of the word!
The following article möchte to you month für month the development of your child näherbringen. Besides, is entered in each case on different areas. In the tables is given what your child had to do at the respective age already können. In some points your baby probably becomes other be in other a little bit zurück. Occasion for the worry is given only if your child develops in every area considerably more slowly: then you should visit your paediatrician.
Körper - perception - social behaviour
1. Life month
lies asymmetrical (crooked) with aside rotated head; stooped arms and legs; if head raises only briefly; reacts on loudly Geräusche with Moro reflex; Hände mostly to the fist clenched - sees clear outlines from 22-25 cm of distance, fixes Gegenstände and faces briefly; if none can still recognise returning Geräusche - skin contact is the most important communicative device, confides by yelling
2. Life month
Head is held up some seconds; declension of the arms and legs lässt after; Hände öfter geöffnet, vain grab attempts with which comoves whole Köper - follows with the eyes object which moves at the side, fixes länger; listens in with interest most different Geräuschen - skin contact remains important, sometimes reflektorisches Lächeln, first „Sprechen“: Vowel sounds like a/ä thrashes about joyfully if mother with him speaks
3. Life month
hält Head nearly 1 min. high, turns him after both sides, stützt on forearms and washbasins; Moro reflex lässt after; clenched Hände only seldom to the fist, she brings together before face, looks at finger and plays with them - head turns aside if it looks Geräuschquelle - smiles at human faces, produces throat sounds
4. Life month
Besides, stützt itself in belly situation on the forearms, seizes things which lie in the reach; rolls unilaterally on the other; übt consciously the griffins; if weight shifts to legs if it is held in standing position; active assistance with the drawing in the seat position - touches everybody Gegenstände and examines them with the mouth; if head turns, around certain things better see to können; schließt the eyes if plötzlich an object appears before him (protective function) - repetition of own sounds and joy in it; laughs a lot and cheering – but also three-month fear; if parents and brothers and sisters recognise; touched face Gegenübers
5. Life month
übt in Rückenlage spätere seat position; consciously reaches after Gegenständen, she gives of one in the other hand, does not reach any more with whole hand - does not apply unverzüglich after Geräuschquelle - it lächelt any more everybody spontaneously
6. Life month
turns from belly in Rückenlage and vice versa, touches his Füße, seizes diagonally über his Körper an object, with short standing attempts knees and legs do not become any more broken off - besides, it often stands on tiptoe and hüpft; sits easily with Stütze - everything is furthermore prüfend in the mouth, however, looks before and after the things; it recognises his Rassel by the sound; looks zufällig at falling down toys - distinguishes friends from strangers; forms syllabic chains; begins to prime loudly his Beschäftigungen
7. Life month
to lift tried in the belly situation, belly and bottom; führt Füße to the mouth and plays with them; reaches with both Händen well; if small toys can hold at the same time in every hand; can sit with forwards stretched Händen as Stütze; the first creeping - recognises Höhe and depth: bends forward to check at fallen down toys - begins to copy; looks at strangers doubtfully; plays furthermore loudly
8. Life month
creeps; sits without Stütze and comes without help to this position; seizes Gegenstände with thumb and forefinger; stands trouble-free if it becomes gestützt - hidden toys look; - short time listens in Gesprächen or music für - rejects some people without recognizable reason, however, with others it finds immediately contact; speaks easy syllables clearly and repeats them
9. Life month
stretches till the state and stops holding on; can reach with a hand; lässt toys consciously fall; sits just - feels in Gefäße - reacts to own name; differentiates different emotions by the sound situation of the voice and is able to do itself joy or not with the voice ausdrücken; like cuckoo's plays; babbles several consonants following on each other
10. Life month
in Möbeln along it takes side steps; is able after some Übung Löffel to the mouth führen; schlägt things each other; if forefinger and thumb can stretch - interest für details - examines this with the forefinger; makes enthusiastically Lärm and Geräusche - knows some concepts; ahmt Tätigkeiten after; with praise it repeats Tätigkeit; starts to wave with goodbye
11. Life month
controls the tongs clutch - toys fastened in a string move to themselves - people or things identify and start to name them
12. Life month
it lifts with both Händen größere Gegenstände - finds again an object, that before his eyes hide became - to the parents toys übergeben - request thanks plays
Which products für which age?
We from roba offer a high-quality collection in Möbeln, toys and more. With it you your child entwicklungsgemäß fördern können, herewith we give you a small assistance which of our products is suited für which age.
Babies fühlen to itself in small gemütlichen to areas most probably. From there it makes sense to reduce the little cot with a nest. A sky über to the bed takes from the space his Höhe and makes it gemütlich. The mobiles beloved by children are already integrated in some of our collections. Our textiles lend to every children's room a childish charm which has to do a secure childhood wiederspiegeln. So that the children's room becomes kitschy not multi-coloredly, we offer to every cot set suitable compress editions, Krabbeldecken, etc. Think, nevertheless, with the children's room that your child not always remains so small and you decide from there für functional Möbel with timeless design. The roba collections are sketched everybody after this principle.
They will give mash to your child possibly from an age of from 4 to 6 months. To first Fütterversuchen a swing couch or ours roba Chill Up high-level chair offers because you thus both Hände to Füttern freely have – and you need them also für the first attempts. If the child can sit then (possibly with 9 months), it can get his own place at the table – in a suitable high-level chair. In the beginning your child a little will be too small - therefore, we recommend Sitzverkleinerer which we have sketched suitably to our textile programme. If your child älter is as 18 months, own table with bank and chair &ndash is glad über; no matter whether in his or in an other room.
Practically for the trip or the restaurant visit with babies (from approx. 9 months) are booster seats, which can easily be put together and thus find space in each travel bag. On the go, you need your small package and toys, which can be compressed in our winding bags with integrated wrapping materials – because there is not always a winding table parat. And then, too, you prefer to put your own document under. Babies need K ö rme. This bed comes after our belly-and R-carrier GO UP, which you can take with you comfortably to any city stroll or even use it at home, e.g. if you are alone in the way you are preparing and the child does not calm down.
Once a child has discovered his or her mobility, the whole apartment must be secured accordingly. For this purpose, among other things, plug-and-socket protection or staircase and T-protection grilles are used. Your child can also play in a treadmill, while other things can be done. Your child will not be constricted by this, because with a playpen, it has its own area, which it will also claim against other children. The running grid is soft and soft by means of a matching insert.
For the exploration (with the mouth from 4 months, with age from 6 months and with the eyes from 8 months), which serves to get to know the physical properties of objects, toys of different sizes are suitable, such as shape, colour and surface characteristics, e.g. Wood, plastic, paper, fabric, water, wool.
Babies and babies from around 8 months of age have been able to find out more about this and how to do so. For this purpose, games that allow the disappearing of people, such as the ball track or the Gugu Dada game, are suitable for this purpose.
At the same age, i.e. at about 8 months, there is an increasing use of means as a means for the purpose. Here, children make the most of them, for example, a wagon on wheels on a cord, especially a spa.
Exploring the surrounding characteristics, i.e. getting to know the surrounding relationships between the opposite, babies aged 9 months and over by means of content-based games. They are particularly fond of using pans, cups, cupcake, plastic containers, horse chestnuts, water and wet sand. At the age of 15 months, children begin to stack up – with building blocks, cups or wrestling on St ä ben. Horizontal construction with building blocks or a toy train path is about 21 months old. Combined, vertical with horizontal construction is about 30 months, which is why building blocks are excellently suited.
Getting to know the functional use of objects and the internals of actions and behaviors begins with the functional play (use of an object in its proper function) by means of L ö ffel, Haarb ü rsten, Spieltabler, Spielhandwerkszeug oder Budgetary gegenst ca. from 12 months. This is not the case in the 15. Life month in the repr-sentative game (functional use of counter-parts) with dolls, teddy bears and other things. In the sequential game (from 21 months), the puppet parlour is becoming increasingly important, since actions with a common theme, for example, are now becoming more important. “ meal “ (= cooking, putting doll on the table and letting you eat), to be replayed. At the age of 30 months, the role-playing game begins, in which the child rolls into different roles or presents itself to counter-eats. Here is the shop shop or the doll with dolls clothes and doll carts with nothing to replace.
In the sense of categorisation, the use of a single piece of puzzles and other puzzles makes sense, since certain properties are assigned to them in the sense of categorization.
Feng Shui in baby room
What is Feng Shui?
Feng Shui is the Chinese teaching of harmonious living, which can already be used positively in the room for the youngest. Here you will find some tips and suggestions for the design of your baby room.
In the anticipation of the baby one usually begins with the setting up of the children's room already in the time before birth and genius ß t this experiential ß in full. A nursery should be carefully planned so that your baby will be able to feel right in his first room.
With its own baby room, the toddler has a first gentle spilling process, which is also important for its further development. Already in the baby age, a separate room already creates the unconscious experience that the baby is recognized as a self-esteed person with his own bed. The “ own Revier “, even if mother and father are still in the room, the self-confidence and the identity of the child rken.
The objectives of the Feng Shui are to eliminate factors and to enable the free movement of the life force of Chi both in the umbians and in the K ö rper. Feng Shui has the task of creating a balance and creating a harmonious environment, that is, living spaces in which people grow and thrive. With Feng Shui, you can help your child to unfold his inner nature. In order to pursue a holistic concept, there is a distinction between the inner Feng Shui (the man himself) and the ß eren Feng Shui (the environment, room design). The ß ere Feng Shui can be changed over the design of the children's room (the room in which the child/children can be stopped).
Even small changes-in the right places through the right places-are the result of harmony in the spaces and, subsequently, also in the lives of the inhabitants.
Children are usually lively, active or, to speak in Feng Shui terms, "Yang". For example, they do not need sound, stimulating colors, they can even be heated up too much by too much of it, especially if further stimuli are to be added.
Children are sensitive to the environment and are sensitive to the environment. Since prehistoric times it has been important to the person that pointed counter-states that are directed at his K are at risk. Try it out. Put yourself in front of the edge of a cupboard or in front of the top corner of a table, and then you can. Then take a step to the side and now the difference. Apart from the risk of injury, the sharp corners and edges also present the danger of an energetic energy-saving due to unconscious tension. If, for example, such a shelf is close to the bed and the edge points to the sleeping person, this shining influence lasts the whole night. Zus ä tzliche Unruhe goes from the opposite in the shelf, which invite to active tun – although the child should sleep peacefully.
The design of the children's room can therefore contribute significantly to the harmonious development of the child.
Here are some tips to optimize the ß s Feng Shui in the baby room:
The floor plan of the room should be rectangular or square in size – au ß erdem gro ß enough, so that the child has enough space to develop freely.
The baby room should offer a lot of freedom of movement to play, so that the growing baby can unfold freely. The children's room is an all-purpose room, which serves to play, work, hide, learn, music, sleep as well as the common and similar Gro ß.
It should be a very own room with lots of natural light. Through-rooms are not so ideal.
The light can also be supported by good lighting and colour design as well as harmoniously designed design tools. A space on the north side, or a room where the sun cannot penetrate, is less suitable, as the yang energy, which reduces growth and development, cannot develop as well.
Take care of many warm and comfortable elements in the nursery. For example, a heavenly beard and a lot of fabric, as well as soft and cuddly materials. They give the baby a great deal of comfort and a feeling of security. The bed can therefore be designed calmly as a bright H ö.
A heavy wardrobe or other very large bag should not be right next to the baby cot, as this can be felt unconsciously as a matter of a time. For this reason, they are more than just a metre away from the baby cot.
Immovable installation fittings should not be found in the baby room. Nevertheless, the M ö belst should be stable so that the baby can't outdo it.
The M ö bel should be in light or warm T ö nen (e.g. warm wood).
In general, the room should not have an uneasy effect: therefore, it should be possible to use more cheerful and soft colours for the game area. Do not use the red in the sleeping area, since this can be a sleeping experience.
Light colours are the most suitable for the baby's room. Yellow, blue, grass green, beige and, in general, colours of nature have a calming effect on the baby.
The play area should be in a bright area of the room.
If your baby has an unsteady effect, do not use stimulant rotting.
Motives, textiles and toys should be fun and do not seem to be aggressive in any case.
The bed must not be under a window and also not with the ß s.
Finally, it is important to note that it is very important to involve the growing children in the interior design of their small empire, because children know instinctively very well what they do and what they do not. They also know very well in which room design they are likely to be able to choose.
Massage is the art of healing by brine.
The baby massage is an easy-to-use therapy for babies and infants – especially for babies born in infants and children. During the pregnancy, the baby was warm and cuddly for months. With his birth, the little person is confronted with a flood of stimuli such as light and L ä rm from one minute to the other. Through the massage, parents facilitate the transition from the womb to the new tank in our world.
From the moment of his birth, the child begins to get to know her parents-her smell, her voice, her face. Baby massage takes a crucial part in helping parents and children to understand each other better and thus to build a closer and more active relationship. The baby massage can become a means of communication that is available to you during your entire parental leave. A stiller dialogue of love between you and your baby.
Soft-bodied re-enings are not only an important basis for an intimate parent-child relationship, they can positively influence the entire mental and physical development of the baby. The focus is on the perception of the baby's own K ö rpers. Baby massage, however, does not only relieve the physical and emotional well-being, it also stabilizes the breathing and circulation. Thus, a massage has a calming effect on excited children. Through the treatment of the skin, various stimuli, which are passed on to the nerve pathways, reach the brain. According to medical opinion, the massage develops a more regular sleep rhythm through the massage and thus finds a more healthy and more healthy sleep. Baby massage stimulates the digestion of the skin. And the immune system is also stimulated. The baby massage therefore supports the overall development of the baby.
Tips for the use of the baby massage
The baby massage is a ritual for the whole family. It can be carried out by mother, father, or even more and more sibling siblings.
You should take about 10 to 20 minutes to do this. For babies under one month of age, a short massage of a few minutes is often enough. The timing of the massage should be so low that the baby is neither hungry nor extremely high. Since the baby is naked, the room temperature should be about 25 ° C in order to avoid a quick reconfiguration of the small K ö rpers. For the massage you use the best pure plants (Reformer house). The best effect is achieved when the Ö l is rubbed between the walls, until they are warm. Then the bans are particularly pleasant for the baby.
The massage is easiest to pass when the baby is lying on the thighs of the mother or the father. The seating position should be comfortable, so as to create a relaxed atmosphere for the baby and the baby.
From the first day, you can start with gentle strokes of the string, with the more solid, tufted handles (a petting with the fingertips rather tickling the baby and animating it for screaming). As fragile as they look at first glance, these little ones are not at all – on the contrary: babies love to be firmly and safely taught, and that gives them a resounder of security.
Important: The massage should always be done away from the heart!
The massage begins with the spreading out of the face. Slowly and in the same way, the cheeks are removed from the nose with both feet. Then, with both ends, remove from the forehead on the ends. After that, the entire K ö rper is spread out. Both sides are placed on the forehead. Slowly they glide over cheek, shoulders, arms, arms, and legs. The arms and legs can easily be put to the K ö rper. Place your baby with your belly up on your thighs in order to massage the baby on your upper leg. Alternating with one hand from the shoulder to the chest and the belly to the overlying leg is removed (left shoulder, right leg and vice versa). In this way, the entire K ö rper is alternately crossed with two cross-wisely.
When you massage the skin, you can put the baby on your shoulders or across your legs. First, one strokes slowly with both ends across the entire R ü cken. After that, the neck is spread out over the entire length of the neck and the legs until the legs are painted.
Massage of the limbs ß
In order to massage and massage, you can use one hand to massage a fu ß or a a hand of the baby. With the thumb of the other hand, one strokes with a small pressure from the bale to the toes and/or the toes. Fingers. Especially in the case of dogs, this is the place where the fine motor skills of the H &ldcs and the F ü ß e.
To massage the legs, one places the baby on the R ü cken. With one hand, a thigh is included. Then pull the hand slowly to the fu ß. Before the leg is released, the other hand already includes the thigh again. Alternately, both feet draw the baby's leg. Finally, the other leg is on the line.
In order to massage the arms, the baby is placed on the side. Then an arm with one hand is included. Slowly, you pull your hand from the upper arm to the baby's wrist. Before the baby leaves the baby, it is possible to use the other hand again with the upper arm of the baby. Alternately, the H-shaped babies paint their arms.
Even parents can only benefit if they have regular contact with their baby, especially if they are still uncertain at the beginning to do something “ wrong “. In order to really achieve a well-being of the baby, it is important not to be able to pass on its signals. Therefore, when the baby indicates that it is enough, you will be on your way. If the baby is happiest and gurrt, that's the best proof that you're doing it right. You will quickly find out what makes your baby spa ß and whether it doesn't like certain massage handles. More important than any technique, however, is the comical and emotional connection with the child.
The right environment for babies & children
Do you like to cook? Yes? But what is the best thing for your child? How should a balanced production look like? To ensure that the cooking spa is healthy, we give you a few tips on how to use this article to guide children. In our guidebook you will also find useful tips, checklists and recipes for cooking with children.
Optimal ern ä r ü r S ä uglinge bis zum 6. Month of Life
Even if you don't want it more, breast milk is and remains the best thing for your baby in the first months after birth. It contains all important substances as well as defensive agents against infectious diseases, e.g. in the airway area. I “ uglinge with a high risk of allergy (if parents or a sibling already have allergies) should be up to the end of the 6. The intestinal mucosa of the S ä uglinge is breastfed up to the 6th month of the month. It has not yet been fully developed, so that allergens can easily penetrate from the food and sensitize the baby.
Do not make any use of breast-feeding. You give N ä hrstoffe to your child with the breast milk. This is why your K needs more vitamins, minerals and energy. This is why you can eat milk/dairy products (200-250g), lean meat (40g), wholemeal bread (1 slice), rice or noodles (cooked 1 tablespoon) or 1 small potato, oatmeal (1 tablespoon), vegetables or lettuce (150g), fruit (100g). Drink at least 2 l of liquid: mineral water, fruit/glass sesafchorlen, unges ü ß te Kr ä uter or Fr ü chtetees.
If you do not breast-feed or do not breast-feed for six months, you will be able to access S ä uglingsdairy food (cow's milk prepared for S ä uglinge) at the end of the day. It is distinguished in S ä uglingsanstartnahrung and follow-on formula. Starting foods marked with “ pre “ are the most nutritive of breast milk. They are not as long-lasting as they are, and are not as long-lasting as they are. According to the research institute for the children of Dortmund (= fke), it is not possible to ensure that there is no need for more information on the situation. Starting food marked with “ 1 “ is thicker and more nutritious than the one with “ pre “, because it contains a small proportion of milk sugar. Please note the packaging instructions here, so that you do not have to be able to take a look at the package. From the 5th Month k ö nnen Folgemilch you use, but do not, because vitamins and trace elements are included in all S ä uglingsdairy food. This also means that the milk is not enriched with juice, fruit or oat flakes. Babies with a high allergy risk (see above) should only get a special hypoallergenic food (H.A.-food). Healthy and healthy people will not drink anything in the first 4 – 6 months. Should it be due to temperatures or fever due to high temperatures, give your little one of the best boiled tap water.
Time for the first Brei
Nutrition for babies from 4 ./6. up to 12 months: Now milk alone is no longer sufficient to supply your Wonnebrocken with the necessary N nutrients. The time has come to help your little side-chef. It is cleverly to start with an M ö hrenbrei, because this tastes a bit more ß and the m ö gen babies quite gladly. You should also replace a milk meal with a porridge, for example at noon. A Sweet Potato Meat Pulp you can make yourself from 90g M ö hren/Fenchel/Kohlrabi/Blumenkohl/broccoli/spinach, 40g freshly cooked potatoes, 20g of lean meat, 30ml of vitamin C-rich fruit juice/water. Do not use the Brei because babies are the best way to break the brei, because their taste buds are still very sensitive. It is more convenient to use food for food, which is enriched with iodine under strict control, and is very well produced in a very good quality. Meat is very important in the opinion of the fke, since the iron supply of babies between the 5. and 7. Month of tilt goes and the demand is rising at the same time. However, if you do not want to use meat, you can choose your child from the age of 6. Prepare a sweet potato full-grain cereal: 90g of green vegetables, 40g of potatoes, 10g of oatmeal or millet flakes, 30ml of vitamin C-rich fruit juice (for better iron utilization), 20ml of water and 10g of butter.
From the 6th A second wide meal can be introduced in the evening for the optimal calcium intake, e.g. a whole milk cereal pulp: 200ml whole milk (3.5% fat), 20g whole grain cereal flakes, 20ml of pure orange juice (no nectar or fruit juice getr). From “ fresh grain milk “ or the cereal trunk “ Kokkoh “ is absolutely disgusting due to health risks (containing germs containing disease-causing pathogens). Industrially produced milk spreads are all the better, the less ingredients they contain.
A afternoon meal can be found in the 7. This month will be replaced by a milk-free fruit-cereal-Brei. And with about 10 months, the child is from development so far, that it can eat with family meals, drink from a cup and eat a bread. In addition, the food has to be eaten and with about 12 months it will be possible to break the food with the fork.
Worth knowing about baby food
In the case of industrially produced latitudes, the ingredients are called in descending order, i.e. the ingredient, which is at the top of the list, is in large quantities in the size of the container or in the packaging.
Babies are not particularly dimly – it does not have to be a different brei every day. One reason for this is perhaps even in the fact that babies have to be digested only in new flavours and ingredients. Therefore, it is better to slowly, gradually and gradually add new ingredients.
Yoghurt and quark should not be taken until after 1 due to the high protein content (which is a burden on the kidneys). Birthday is to be ttert.
Babies eat a maximum of cooked and hard egg per week.
Since honey can contain some bacteria, these children may not be allowed to do so until after the 12. Month.
Cow's milk is the mother's milk rate in the 1. Life-year taboo, because they contain too much protein and minerals, as well as too few polyunsaturated fat and trace elements. In order to provide the calcium intake, a broad meal can be prepared with whole milk (see above).
Optimal nutrition for children from one year on
Which of the children is ideal for children? After the first birthday, young children should take part in the family dinner. Special products are not necessary. The research institute for paediatrics in Dortmund makes recommendations on how to ideally look for children in the ideal case. In this case, it is not possible to do so on the basis of S ß, etc. Without. Rather, they should be eaten in the same way as jam, honey or sugar in Ma ß s. Which food combination is optimal for children up to six years, can be found in the table below. The “ Optimized Mischkost “, which is compiled by the Research Institute, corresponds to today's knowledge about the correct use of children and young people. It optimizes ß t because it covers the need for all N &materials and at the same time the so called " Diseases of civilization (high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, gout) are preventable.
Optimised mixing costs for one-to six-year olds
Recommended Foods-Quantity-Per Day/Week
Abundant – herbal food
Getr ä nke 600-800 ml/day
Bread, cereals (-flakes) 80-170 g/day
Potatoes, noodles, rice, cereals 80-120 g/day
Acc. to 100-180 g/day
Fruit 100-180 g/day
ß ig – animal food
Milk, milk products * 300-350 ml or g/day
Eggs 1-2 St ü ck/week
Fish 50-100 g/week
Meat, sausages 30-45 g/day
Sparse – fat-rich food
Margarine, butter, oil 15 -25 g/day
(at least 20% of the energy supply)
Cake, S ü ß, ... h ö chstens 50 g/day
Marmalade, sugar, ... h ö chstens 10 g/day
* 100 ml of milk correspond to calcium content
About 15g slices or 30g soft
Vitamins are irreplaceable for the healthy development of children. Here you will find an overview of vitamins and their sources
Vitamin vitamin source
Vitamin A (Vorl ä ufer: Beta-Carotene) Vitamin A in liver, liver tran
Beta-carotene in: carrots, yellow-orange gums
Vitamin D Margarine, mushrooms, fish (eel, herring, halibut, salmon)
Vitamin E green foliage, vegetable oil (sunflower ö l, maize germ ö l, walnut ö l)
Vitamin K green leaf, egg yolk, chicken, butter
Vitamin B1 wheat germ, H ü lsensen, pig, pork
Vitamin B2 milk, eggs, fish (halibut, herring), mushrooms
Vitamin B6 Bananas, beans, lentils, soybeans, liver, oats
Vitamin B12 liver, kidneys, eggs, K ä se, Fisch (v.a. Hering, Rotbarsch)
Vitamin C almost all fruits and vegetables; especially: citrus, kiwi, paprika, sea buckthorn
Niacin Meat, Fish, N ü sse, H ü lsenfr ü chte
Pantothens ä ure Hefe, H ü lsenfr ü chte, Erdn ü sse, Eigelb, Leber, Wassermelone
Fols ä ure yeast, beef liver, sprouts, cabbage, cabbage, wheat germ, egg yolk, soybeans
Biotin liver, egg yolk, peanut, soybean, natural rice, wheat bran
Is optimal nutrition also possible also vegetarian?
With a well-balanced vegetarian process, all age groups can easily be covered and civilisation diseases can be prevented. The only critical material is iron, because the iron contained in plants is comparatively poor, and meat improves this bioprocessing ability from plants. A high iron content is found in whole grain cereals, e.g. Hafer or millet, and products made from it, such as whole grain bread. Milk reduces the bioavailability even. However, the bioprocessing can be improved by simultaneously receiving vitamin C, e.g. in orange juice. It makes sense to combine iron-rich herbal foods with vitamin C-rich foods; for example: M ü sli from whole-grain products with orange juice or fresh fruit; orange juice (approx. 100ml) or fresh fruit or Food for bread meal with whole grain bread.
The following list shows you food with a high iron and/or iron. Vitamin C content:
Food-Iron (mg/100g)-Food-Vitamin C (mg/100g)
Low bioprocessing ability-well suited for improvement
Millet 6,9-Paprika, roh 121
Wheat germ 8,5-broccoli, boiled 90
Haferflakes 5,4-Brussels sprouts, boiled 85
Vollkornreis 3,2-Blumenkohl, cooked 49
Vollkornbrot 2,0-Kohlrabi, roh 63
Spinach, boiled 2,9-spinach, boiled 29
Field salad, roh 2.0-field salad, roh 35
Lentils, boiled 2,1-tomato, roh 19
Pistachios 7,3-Kiwi 46
Sunflower seeds 6,3-Strawberries 63
Almonds 4,1-Orangen 49
Very good bioprocability-less suitable for improvement
Beef 2.1-Apples, Banana 12
H ä hnchen 0.7
A strictly vegetarian diet, that is, without any animal products (including milk and eggs), is to be strictly rejected for children, children and young people, pregnant and breastfeeding, and advice from the pediatrician in any case.
How much do children eat and how often?
Pre-school children can easily eat adult food. Small children, however, do not yet consume large quantities of hard-to-do, very rich, strong or spicy quantities, such as those which are not yet in large quantities. Since the energy consumption of smaller children is quickly used up, pre-school children should eat regularly (5 times a day) and drink plenty of them. The three pyramids of fke Dortmund will show you how these meals can be made.
It makes sense to distinguish between small children's food (1-3 years) and children's food (from 3 years of age). For the first time in Germany, small children's food products are subject to the regulation, which lays down minimum values, among other things, for children aged 3 years or older. The range of products includes the following product groups:
Milk products: Fruit yoghurt, milk mixing cereals, fresh water and quark preparations
Brotlining: Nuss-Nougat creams, chocolate creams, sausage
ü ß accuracies: Milk cuts, M ü sli-, Nuss-, Schokoriegel, chocolate, Vitaminbonbons
Fr ü ckscerealien: Knusperflacken of various kinds
Getr ä nke: Calcium enriched S ä fte, Multivitamins ä fte, Limonaden
Ready-made dishes: noodle soups, pasta dishes, pizza
Children's food products do not differ according to the ingredients and the nitrogen content of food products. They also do not contain a lot of whole milk (as the advertising promises), but rather skimmed milk, whey powder, butterfat, or sugar-based condensed milk. However, they are smaller, have an elaborate packaging and are often enriched with vitamins and minerals – which is not important in terms of the physiology of the environment. They often contain too much sugar and fat, which can be overweight if there is a lack of movement. They are more expensive than comparable normal products. It is therefore possible to dispense with children's food products without any need.
When food makes sick
Ü ber-versus underweight
Overweight/obesity arises when children absorb more energy than they need to be. As a result, fatty tissue is increasingly formed. In addition to the inheritance, environmental influences play an important role. Obesity is the risk of getting different diseases: for example: Hypertension, diabetes, stroke or gout. With the help of the BMI (Body-Ma ß -Index), one shares adiposity as a consequence of the following:
Adiposity Grade I 30,0 -34,9
Adipositas Grade II 35.0 – 39,9
Extreme adiposity Grade II = < 40
Underweight is a consequence of underweight. This occurs when there is too little energy to be absorbed in the longer term. It can lead to deficiency diseases such as vitamin deficiency, weight loss, or eating. Magersearching (anorexia nervosa) or eating billy (bulimia) are coming. There is no clear border from which one speaks of underweight. However, the WHO has set a BMI limit of less than 20.
PEKiP-motion games for the youngest
What is PEKiP?
PEKiP stands for Prager-parent-child-program. It has been used for babies in 1. It is developed and is suitable for use as of 4 ./6 for the year. Life Week. PEKiP is first and foremost a group course for interested parents with babies at the age of age. However, it is also easy to carry out at home.
The babies are stimulated playfully with different-also self-made-materials to movements, e.g. with a water ball, against which the baby can step and which then moves in turn. With these different playing materials, different senses are rendered: for example, the sense of touch by rattling, the sense of touch through any materials, or the sense of balance through a back-and-forth roll on the water ball. In order for the S ä ugling to be able to move more freely and also has more intense daytime experiences (also skin contact with the parents), this play takes place without dresses.
PEKiP makes it possible for parents to spend time with their offspring, and to take a close look at it during this period of time. Parents can accompany their babies in their development, try out new games with them-be a partner for each other.
PEKIP was developed in the 1970's by the couple Christa and Hans Ruppelt. It is based on movement and sensory excitations for babies and their parents, which the psychologist Dr. Jaroslav Koch worked out at the Prague Institute for Mother and Child in the context of his deprivation research.
With the Prager-Parents-Child-Program by Anne Pulkkinen, babies are playful and playful. It is a very beautiful, vivid book that can be found in a PEKiP for home. It is ideal for parents who do not want to visit a PEKiP course in the N&ge.
Here you will find all the information about PEKIP, because here also the "inventors" of the PEKIP are coming to word. In addition, you can find the address and telephone number of a PEKIP group in your N “ s.